New Delhi: In heartening news, tobacco usage has decreased by six percentage points from 34.6 in 2009-10 to 28.6 in 2016-17, with a 33 per cent drop reported among the young population aged 15-24.
According to the Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) 2, released by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, the total number of tobacco users has reduced by about 81 lakh.
Prevalence of tobacco use has decreased from 34.6 per cent in GATS-1 in 2009-10 to 28.6 per cent in GATS-2 in 2016-17, say findings based on the household survey of persons aged 15 and above conducted in all 30 States of India and two union territories.
The first round of GATS was conducted in 2009-10. The second round of GATS was conducted in 2016-2017 by Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai on behalf of Ministry of Health & Family Welfare with technical support from Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the World Health Organisation (WHO).
Using a multi-stage sample design, one household member aged 15 and above was randomly selected for individual interview from each of the sampled households.
In all, a total of 74,037 individuals were interviewed during August 2016 to February 2017 in India. The survey found that 42.4 per cent of men, 14.2 per cent of women and 28.6 per cent of all adults currently either smoke tobacco and/or use smokeless tobacco.
While 10.7 per cent of all adults smoke tobacco (19 per cent of men, 2 per cent of women), 21.4 per cent of all adults (29.6 per cent of men, 12.8 per cent of women) currently use smokeless tobacco, the survey found.